Top 10 freedom fighters of India
1. India’s Freedom Fighters-Bhagat Singh
•Bhagat Singh was born in Banga, Pakistan on September 28, 1907. He was a radical revolutionary liberation fighter in India.
•He was a divisive but well-liked figure in India’s liberation war. This revolutionary hero was born into a Sikh family in the undivided state of Punjab and continued his family’s tradition and patriotism until his death.
•In 1928, he was implicated in a plot to assassinate James Scott, a British police superintendent, in retaliation for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
•The operation failed when they accidentally murdered another young police officer, and Singh fled to Lahore to avoid prosecution.
•The following year, he and his colleagues threw a bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi in protest of the implementation of the Defence of India Act and then surrendered to the police.
•On March 23, 1931, the British executed this outstanding Indian independence fighter by hanging at Lahore Central Jail in Lahore, Pakistan, at the age of 23.
2. India’s Freedom Fighters—Rani Laxmi Bai
•On November 19, 1828, the Queen of Jhansi was born in Varanasi. Manikarnika Tambe was her given name, and she is better known as Manu. She was a tenacious Revolutionary Warfighter.
•She inspired countless women across India to fight for India’s independence, and she continues to inspire women today to fight for their rights.
•When British forces overran her castle in 1858, she defended it with her newborn infant. On June 18, 1858, she was killed in a battle against a massive rose in Gwalior.
3. India’s Freedom Fighters-Subhas Chandra Bose
•Subhas Chandra Bose was unquestionably one of the greatest Indian liberation fighters of all time. On January 23, 1897, he was born.
•He was popularly known as Netaji. He was a zealous nationalist whose supreme patriotism elevated him to the status of a hero. Bose was a member of the extremist wing of the Indian freedom fighters. He was the leader of a radical young wing of Congress from the early 1920s until the end of 1930.
• Bose disagreed with Gandhi’s nonviolent beliefs, believing that only armed insurgency could drive the British out of India. He founded the Forward Bloc and eluded British capture long enough to reach Germany during World War II.
• He founded the Indian National Army (INA) and, with Japanese assistance, liberated a piece of Indian land from the British in Manipur, but was ultimately defeated by the British due to the Japanese surrender.
•Despite the fact that he is believed to have died in an aircraft accident on August 18, 1945, his death remains a mystery.
4. India’s Freedom Fighters-Mahatma Gandhi
•Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, is known as the Father of the Nation because of his enormous sacrifices for India.
• He not only led India to independence, but he also inspired many other independence campaigns and human rights movements around the world.
•Gandhi, also known as Bapu, is credited with popularising the concept of nonviolence in India. He believed that nonviolent protest and refusal to cooperate with the British would lead to independence. It is to his credit that he was able to enlist the masses in the independence movement.
•The historic Non-Cooperation movement, the Dandi March, and the Quit India campaign were all launched under his leadership. Nathuram Godse assassinated him on January 30, 1948, and he was popularly known as Bapu.
5. India’s Freedom Fighters—Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
•Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, India’s first minister of home affairs, was a senior and prominent Congress leader and freedom fighter. He was a staunch supporter of Gandhi’s philosophy.
•He was instrumental in organizing the Gujarat peasant movement against the British using nonviolent principles. As Minister of Home Affairs after India’s independence, he woven 562 Princely States into India, consolidating its integration into a unified nation.
•His statesmanship, integrity, and impartiality compelled the Princely States to accede to India and become an integral part of it. His immense contribution to the Indian Freedom Movement and the establishment of India as a unified nation earned him the moniker “Iron Man of India.”
6. India’s Freedom Fighters – Lal Bahadur Shastri
•Lal Bahadur Shashtri, one of India’s most profound and prolific freedom fighters, was born on October 2, 1904. He was born Lal Bahadur Srivastav, but in later years, while working for the upliftment of the backward classes in Uttar Pradesh, he dropped his caste title.
• He dropped out of school as a teenager to join the Non-Cooperation Movement. He later graduated from Kashi Vidyapeeth with a first-class degree. Eventually, he became actively involved in various movements such as the Quit India Movement, the Civil Disobedience Movement, and other satyagrahas.
•He became India’s second Prime Minister after independence and led the country through the 1965 India-Pakistan war.
7. India’s Freedom Fighters – Bal Gangadhar Tilak
•Bal Gangadhar Tilak, born in Boron in 1956, was a prolific Nationalist and Freedom Fighter. He is famous for saying, “Swaraj is my Birth Right.” He was the editor and writer of several rebellious newspapers and columns that opposed British Imperialism in India.
•His contribution to the Indian Freedom Movement was so significant that he was bestowed with the title Lokmanya, which means “accepted by the people as their Leader.”
•The British Colonial Authorities dubbed him the “Father of Indian Unrest.” His writings inspired the youth to fight for the freedom of the country. His most famous newspaper was ‘Kesari,’ in which he expressed his strong opposition to British rule.
8. India’s Freedom Fighters – Mahadevi Verma
•Mahadevi Verma, a Hindi poet, freedom fighter, and educationist, was born to a progressive Hindu family in Allahabad in 1907.
• She served as principal and then vice-chancellor of Allahabad’s Prayag Mahila Vidyapeeth, a women’s residential institution that made significant contributions to women’s education.
•Mahadevi Verma did not engage in any political activity. She frequently draws parallels with Bhakti Saint Mirabai of the 16th century.
9. India’s Freedom Fighters—Basanti Devi
•Basanti Devi, who was born on March 23, 1880, became involved in the independence movement after her husband, Chittaranjan Das was arrested. She was a member of the Khilafat movement and a civil disobedience campaign, and she was one of the most prominent female freedom fighters. She also helped found the Nari Karma Mandira, a women’s educational center.
•She was imprisoned in Kolkata for a short time for selling Khadi. Her arrest sparked outrage and resentment throughout the country. When her husband died, she took over the weekly magazine Bangalar Katha.
•In 1973, she was awarded the Padma Vibhushan for her work as President of the Bengal Provincial Congress.
10. India’s Freedom Fighters—Lala Lajpatrai’s
•In 1865, Lala Lajpat Rai, also known as Punjab Kesari, was born in Punjab. Rai was a radical member of the Indian National Congress and a member of the Lal-Bal-Pal trio.
•After leading the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Punjab Protest against the Jalliawala Bagh event in 1920, he rose to prominence.
•During a Simon Commission demonstration in 1928, Britishers in a Lathi charge killed him.